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June 2019

Fulton Hogan visit:- Unfortunately we do not have a full report for you on this visit. Information about the company can be found on their website or by searching on Wikipedia. About twenty members enjoyed the hour’s visit where we given information on the history of the company and their current setup. Three short video clips were also shown

March, 2019 OCHO Chocolate factory (Reported by Dallas Prentice)

This visit was one of the most well attended outings our club has organized, some 38 members in all split into two groups, one in the morning and the other in the afternoon. We were greeted by OCHO founder Liz Rowe. Liz tells us she became interested in chocolate making several years ago and in fact visited the lands of the Incas to further her knowledge of the “nectar of the gods". It seems she was disappointed in this as the great unwashed appeared to be totally ignorant of chocolate as we know it. She was aware that Cacao Beans were in abundance and that flavors differed from location to location.

Liz started manufacturing in premises, Glasgow Street, Sth Dunedin. The boutique business flourished but was boosted by the closure of Cadbury's. One Jim O'Malley DCC councillor, perturbed at the loss of jobs and the skill of chocolate manufacturing instigated equity crowdfunding resulting in raising $2m. Liz, moved her operation from Glasgow St to Vogel street, then to refurbished premises on Roberts St,. The space rented was transformed into offices and a manufacturing area. Objectives being a tourist venue exhibiting the art of boutique manufacturing on a small scale.

Protruding into the work area is an octagonal glassed visitor enclosure enabling visitors to observe the where the various processes in manufacturing chocolate can be observed. Every aspect of creating product is manually undertaken. Beans are de-husked, ground, roasted to a liquid, sugar added, then spooned into molds the resulting tablets then hand wrapped. Very labour intensive.

Finally we were shepherded into the tasting room. Therein we were sat at a table, each place having an A4 sized paper divided into 15 squares, each square with minute samples, ranging from crushed beans to product, each labelled explaining what the samples were. The chocoholics among us devoured everything. Our host was then subjected to a barrage of questions at the conclusion of an enjoyable outing.


February’s Visit to the Portobello Aquarium (Reported by Dallas Prentice)

The Aquarium at Portobello is an extension of the University of Otago. Its prime function is to teach scientific research in maritime disciplines to students. The research is generally limited to waters around NZ ranging from the Marlborough Sounds to the Antarctic. Kelly Tarlton it is not !!

We were divided into two groups on arrival and shown the following:-

- two levels down to the jetty and basement ponds. Their largest research vessel “Polaris” was at sea but their next largest was alongside. In the ponds were schools of blue cod, sea perch and salmon. These are kept as controls with similar types in the wild – essentially what they eat. The “Polaris” sails far south of NZ and among other things takes water samples at various depths. She also monitors water pollution at estuaries around the South Island and adjacent to fish farms in the Marlborough Sounds. The pollution includes nutrients from farm and forestry run off. We were told water temperatures in winter have increased, but have remained constant in summer. Sea water east of Quarantine Island (in the harbour entrance) is exceptionally clear whereas the harbour basin is more murky due to flushing effects.

- various laboratories where experiments are carried out. Culturing fish food (algae in glass jars for various varieties of fish); and another lab where we were shown an analysis machine similar in size to a photocopier and worth about $200,000. This analyses water samples to one part in a billion for phosphate, nitrate, etc. The object being the health of rivers and waterways.

- Senior students from St Andrews were conducting experiments in a large laboratory. These students, from ChCh, are in residence for several days and gain credits for NCEA.

- the touch tank room where we could observe spiny urchins, crabs, sea stars, sea slugs and the like.

- and into the foyer where native species could be viewed.

A thoroughly enjoyable visit on a beautiful day, hosted by enthusiastic and charming staff.


November Visit to "Te Pa Tauria."(Dallas Prentice reporting)

On a wet miserable day our group visited the " Otago Polytechnic Student Village " or "Te Pa Tauria."  Situated 145  Union Street. Oldies such as us would refer to the Village as a student hall of residence. Our guide was one Max Sims. 
The building is five stories high.  Construction is of laminated wood in place of steel framing. Nuts and bolts fix beams, diagonal bracing and columns. These form an exposed architectural feature within.  Vertical wide T&G wood paneling clads passageways. All these features are natural stained pine, sourced from Nelson.  The exterior cladding has a special feature. The rooms are clad in painted gib board. Each floor is named after local Maori tribe e.g. Hawea. Carpeting in common areas is of a pattern designed by the students and said to represent roots. Internet is provided for. Usual smoke detectors, sprinkler heads festoon ceilings throughout. In place of notice boards flat screens display notices. The entire building is air conditioned and was designed for energy efficiency.
The village accommodates 231 persons. There are 99 single rooms, bed only. The remainder are either 4 bedroom apartments complete with kitchen and living area or studio apartments with double beds. Each floor has a common room. The ground floor has a dinning room, staff offices and a recreation space with a table tennis table, pool table and not at least a big screen TV. Car parking is available for the residents. Cost to residents varies from $295 up. A catering plan is optional at $110. pw.
The village is designed for essentially first year students either Polytechnic or University. To many, this is their first stint at living away from home and all that connotes. They are managed by 12 staff. Max our guide is 2nd in charge. 
Max community manager, welfare officer looks after the students wellfare and all that entails. He is assisted by essentially 2nd year students who are paid and reside in accomodation on each floor. Security to the building is accomplished by swipe cards and common  areas monitored by CCTV. However great emphasis is placed on community integration actively encouraged by staff. Several hobby activities are catered for to occupy students in their spare time.       


October Visit to  DCC Archives  (Dallas Prentice reporting)

Club members were shown about in two groups by the archivists Alison Breese (The Loo Lady) and Chris Scott. We descended to the basement where the archivists lurk and do their stuff. The area in which they work is claustrophobic, no windows, concrete floors, constant noise of water flowing through drainage pipes in one room, all cramped and overflowing with files, storage and miscellaneous paraphenalia. The only thing missing were candles for lighting!! A lot of the records are being digitised. Dunedin developed haphazardly – buildings in all forms being erected and demolished from early colonisation. Early records do not exist and those that did were disrupted by the gold rush. Dunedin became a ward about 1865 leading to the orderly development of urbanisation we know. Notifications of drainage plans, retaining walls, facades became a requirement and it is these which are stored in a multitude of cabinets of all descriptions spread through four rooms. We were shown various street plans, architectural drawings (some elaborately coloured), aerial photographs, bound and heavy books of council minutes and the like. Also in these source records were CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes and other. A real treasure are the Lantern Slides - an early form of photography. Of course, Alison had to show us the early toilet plans about which she is so passionate. All this material is slowly being digitised and ultimately available to the public via computer. Some problems do exist however such as copyright issues, lack of records(some destroyed due to fits of pique of council amalgamations) and some records being held by the Hocken Library, etc. These records are available for inspection by the public, with some reservations due to Council sensitivity over conscientious issues.

Of interest were two 1955 photographs that were hand coloured and showed Dunedin as it was then. These evoked much discussion and memories


September Visit to NewNewNew Brewery (Dallas Prentice reporting)

On a brilliantly fine afternoon 22 dedicated members of the world’s most healthy beverage gathered at the premises of the NewNewNew Waving Cat Brewery which is located adjacent to the now defunct Southern Hotel. The building was in the early days stables used by a distribution company and probably built circa 1868. No council records exist regarding permits, etc. The essentially brick structure has been extensively modified to accommodate a modern day brewery. Considerable effort has been made to retain the character of the stables – exposed internal brickwork; massive wood trusses; beams; etc. Apart from the stainless steel vessels, pipes, there is a modern bar, and offices on a mezzanine above. The structure is compliant with modern day requirements. Notable are the bluestone cobbles featured outside the brick archway, which was originally the main entrance to the stables, and uncovered during construction work.

Our host, Ian McKinlay, the general manager and entrepreneurial visionary of this enterprise addressed our members. Ian is no stranger to our Club having spoken to us earlier this year! He explained how the brewing process occurs sped up somewhat by a battery of units of bladders which compress the ingredients thus giving continual production against traditional fermentation. This technique is not new having been invented in 1912.

Water is DCC mains filtered. Hops sourced mainly from the Nelson region. Other ingredients are introduced to give a variety ofblends. The beers are either in barrels for local consumption or canned for export. At the time of our visit a consignment of beer was being packed for export to Taiwan. The labels are predominantly festooned with Chinese characters. Bottles are not used. Advantages of cans are less weight, longer shelf life and compactness. On Princes Street the semi circular facade of the old Southern Tavern, which featrures the Dspeights Stars, was retained to protect existing boundaries against DCC grab. Behind a new three storied building is being erected. This will be an upmarket hotel and an extension for further product manufacturing – envisaged is Sake and non-aged whiskey.

Finally our host invited us to the bar for free product sampling! About 13 or so different varieties of beers are on tap. Each was named with an exotic title such as Poppy seed Ale, Smoked Eel Stout, etc. Alcoholic percentages varied between 2% to 13%. All very nice.

As a footnote, the cost of this development is substantial. Funding comes from a fund set up by Ian’s grandfather Peter McKinlay (known to some of you)

August ~ Otago Polytechnic

After parking near Logan Park High I trekked into the University campus, lost! Saviour came in the form of a Campus Watch security guard already shepherding another of our flock. Gathering others we were ultimately delivered to the Automotive laboratory. Technician and tutor Kevin O’Neill addressed us. He says he recognised some ten years ago a trend towards electric vehicles. On his own initiative he gained appropriate qualifications in the discipline of understanding and repair of EVs. Kevin’s objective is to train ”mechanics” in the technical aspect of repairs to EVs as no such qualification exists yet. He suggests an aspiring technician should undergo an apprenticeship of about 5,000 hours. To illustrate the dangers of handling currents ranging from 380 to 1,000 volts our Ross Cameron donned a pair of cotton gloves, two heavy rubber gloves and finally a pair of thick leather gloves – four layers in all!. We were shown diagrammatic projections of aspects to an electric car viz, a Nissan Leaf. Beneath the floor lurks the Lithium Ion battery cells, 48 all, encased in a detachable casing. Each cell is about the size of a thick laptop producing about 8 bolts DC. These cells are wired in series, the massive voltage routed to an inverter which sits atop the electric motor. Don’t touch orange wiring. Relays and other componentry were passed around our group for inspection with an explanation of what each did. At the inverter the DC is converted to 3 phase AC. The current is fed into the electric motor with input controlled by frequency impulses through ones foot on the accelerator pedal.

Reversing is accomplished electronically through a selection thing but speed is governed as the Leaf goes fast in reverse as in forward. All this is fairly simple and should be considered similar to an electric train set – power on speed up; power off slows down.

Kevin is fanatical about EVs having two in his family. He charges the batteries overnight using off-peak power. Various statistical graphs illustrated economies of EVs over fossil fuels. In his case, Mosgiel to Dunedin costs a fraction of the cost of diesel.

In the workshop a floor pan battery compartment was shown unbolted from the vehicle. This was the width of the vehicle and lengthwise ran from front to rear axle. The steel pressings are substantially think no doubt due to battery weight and impact protection. A Leaf power unit was also available for inspection as a whole. This unit consisted of the electric motor, inverter, reduction gearing and differential. The inverter and electric motor are encased in a water jacket. Kevin extolled the benefits of EVs – the only moving parts being the rotor and its bearings. This against 1,000 parts in a reciprocating engine! The drive train consists of simple reduction gears to a differential. Emissions negligible; silence; and about 95% of a disposed EV is recycable. Against is limited range (Range anxiety - imagine losingpower going up Stuart Street?); high initial cost but improvements in these are being made. Electric trucks are being developed.

From a consumer aspect, there is little doubt that EVs will be prevalent on our roads in a very short space of time. With the development in batteries, number of manufacturers exponentially increasing, lower costs, etc. suggest fossil fuels may be a thing of the past. (Dallas Prentice reporting)

July ~ Harraways

This visit was an extraordinary well attended outing, some 35 members and partners attending. Gathered in the boardroom we were greeted by Stuart Hammer, production manager, and Phil Herriot, factory manager. Presentation videos were shown depicting the early days of labour intensive ploughing, harvesting, drying from the haycocks, etc. to the mechanical harvesting and threshing of today. The importance of quality control from dryness to the number and size of the florets was emphasised.

Harraway and Sons Ltd was started by Henry and Catherine in 1867, who as well as being millers were prolific breeders having 21 children! They lived not far away from their mill in a house which is described by the present occupier as being very small. The Harraways recognised some 150 years ago during the gold rush days the need for flour and oats. The hinterlands were able to supply excellent grain. They set up a mill beside the Kaikorai Stream. Stone grinding wheels, driven by the water flow, initially ground the flour but after a few years steam was used. The business was successful and acquired similar producers. Hudsons, of the CFH fame, subsequently bought the Harraways out. The company remains in private hands today.

Flour milling was phased out several years ago. Concentration today is on Oats - breakfast cereals being the main product. The oats are dumped into hoppers at the factory, air blown three floors up, ground or left whole to various grade of product, flavoured and packaged for retail markets. In a separate building products for the likes of Sanitarium, Pams, etc. are manufactured. The business employs 60 people in three shifts, five and a half days a week. The waste husks, etc. are used to fuel the boilers and the excess turned into pellets or brickettes for fires. Other consumer products are being developed. Sales and expansion into Asian markets is leading to increased production and expansion. A very impressive business!

At the conclusion of the visit our hosts presented each member with a most generous supply of their products. Well welcomed by the lady of the Prentice household but shunned by the author who is allergic to porridge.(Dallas Prentice reporting)

June visit to the Regent Theatre

35 hardy souls braved a wet and bitterly cold day for a tour of the theatre led by the technical director Nelson Miles who was ably assisted by our very own Charlie Campbell.

The theatre is owned by the people of Dunedin and managed by a trust. The theatre dates back to 1876 albeit not as comprehensive as now. A fire destroyed the original building, several people losing their lives. The theatre was rebuilt and reopened in 1928 with the current foyer. It seats about 1600 people and doubles as a movie theatre and live show venue. It was refurbished some years ago with new carpet and seating and wider gapes between rows, etc.

The foyer is impressive featuring an ornate ceiling, marble steps, balustrades, chandelier and wood paneling. From there into the theatre itself through an impressive baroque styled door. From the main public area the tour continued through the dressing rooms, performers “retreat” and the switchboard room with its massive array of plugs and cabling and all things electrical. There are over 500 plugs: and more than 36 kilometres of cabling throughout the theatre. All lighting is generated from this engine room.

The piece de resistance is of course the stage! This is a huge area with drop curtains, foldaway cinema screen, covered orchestra pit, fire curtain and a beautiful waterfall patterned main curtain (which can be operated either manually or automatically). From the stage the auditorium looks very compact. We were told the acoustics are so good due in main to the domed ceiling that performers need not have microphones.

From there to the lighting desk where the management of lighting and sound occurs. This function is just inside the theatre from where one enters the Stalls. It is possible for Nelson to control the lighting from an app on his phone too!

An extremely interesting hour and a half visit enjoyed by all. (information supplied by our visits reporter Dallas Seymour

May Club Visit

Leith Joinery

Based in what was originally a grain store this family owned business manufactures cabinetry to order – there is no bulk production unless a client wants a number of the same item. Locally they provide work for Toitu Early Settlers Museum, the University, Hocken Library, Dunedin Railways carriage repairs and many other organisations. Doors, cupboards, book cases, bench and counter units, wooden window framing are all part of production.

Staff tend to specialise on one aspect of joinery and machinery usage while an apprentice initially experiences a variety of tasks (but no cleaning or tea making) before being assigned to a specific job – initially constructing bookcases – then moving on to more advanced work.

The majority of the machinery is made in Italy but sourced through New Zealand distributors. Some of the machinery has been in use for many years but still functioning perfectly. Milled clean timber (pine, oregon, rimu, white oak to name four) are sourced from around New Zealand distributors too. Leith Joinery will only source and use sustainable forest woods. Clean timber is knot free. North Island pine is straighter and stronger than Canterbury pine because Canterbury pine is subjected to stronger winds and the trees are often bent. There is no milling of pine in the Otago/Southland .

There is wastage of materials because it is cheaper to use new than re-use part pieces. The waste is jettisoned about once a month.

April Club Visit

 Fortune Theatre

 On Tuesday 17 April 25 members and partners had the opportunity to see behind the scenes at the Fortune Theatre. We were greeted by Shannon Colbert, Education Officer for the Fortune Theatre, who provided the group with a short history of the building used by the theatre. This was formerly the Trinity Methodist church and was an R. E. Lawson design built in 1870. The church closed its doors in 1977 and four local men had the vision of turning it into a theatre space and in 1978 the Fortune Theatre was born. Up until then the theatre was using the Athenaeum in the Octagon.

The Fortune Theatre has two auditoriums in the current building. Upstairs at street level off Stuart Street is the main theatre which seats 210 patrons. The Studio downstairs is a small, intimate space where the actors are at the same level as the first row of seats. This space can seat about 100 people. As well as being used for plays this area is used by corporate groups hosting guests before or after shows and a bar and supper area can be set up on the performance area.

 We were able to view the set for the current production - ‘An Iliad’. The brief for the stage set was for it to look like an abandoned theatre, and it certainly carries that off very well. This production is has only one performer, Michael Hirst, who is accompanied on stage by his ‘muse’, played by Shayne Carter, previously from the band Straitjacket Fits. Shayne composed the guitar music for this performance and plays alongside Michael in this 1 hour 40 minute production where they are the sole performers.

 Shannon took us on to the stage, and then back stage to see how compact everything is, downstairs to the performers’ area where there are showers, toilet facilities, a kitchen with laundry facilities, and the ‘Green Room’ where the actors can relax. The building has its challenges, being an old building originally intended to be a church, but it makes a great theatre space and the acoustics are good.

 In the Studio we were able to watch a rehearsal for the childrens’ show Robin Hood, which will open on Friday 21 April. The young actors in this production are all very talented graduates from University Theatre Studies or Bachelor of Performing Arts degrees.

A new idea the Fortune is trying is a ‘pay what you can’ performance for each production - the recommendation is that you pay anything from $3.00 per ticket up to whatever you would like to contribute. They also have a Sunday performance during each production aimed at sight impaired patrons. These people get the opportunity to go on stage and feel the stage props, walk around the stage area and also hear the actors’ voices before the performance begins. Hearing impaired patrons have also been catered for in the past with an overview of the play being provided before the performance and one of the Fortune production team relaying any relevant additional information to the patrons – currently this is via headphones but it is hoped to use a mobile phone app in the future.

The first Tuesday performance of each production features a forum at the conclusion of the production at which time the actors return to the stage and take questions from the audience, something that student groups from secondary schools participate in enthusiastically.

This was a very interesting visit and hopefully will encourage our members to support Dunedin’s only ‘live’ professional theatre.

(Notes supplied by Sue Lambie)


February 2018

February Visit to “Who Ate All The Pies”

Begun in 2006 by two chefs who originally worked at the Southern Cross Hotel and were asked to provide pies for sports team staying there, the business they started has since moved from small premises in Prince Albert Road to a larger one in Glasgow Street and undergone a change of ownership. Currently there are eleven staff working in the factory and all are able to multi-task as and when required. The firm concentrates on making family pies and has a ready market for the varieties (venison and red wine, steak and cheese, chicken and bacon, lamb and mint just to name a few) they make. They also make pies for the occasion – St Patricks Day, Halloween and Christmas – with special packaging. At the moment all pies are hand made; in the future a pie making machine , which is already installed, will require less hands on. All the meat is browned prior to mixing and cooking with excess liquid then drained off and the filling thickened with flour and butter. Two ovens are able to be used when necessary for the final cooking before the finished product is wrapped in plastic by the packaging machine which can wrap fifty pies a minute compared to nine a minute by hand then placed in labelled boxes ready to be frozen before distribution twice a week around the country mainly to Supermarkets. South Island distribution by road; North Island by air.

The company takes pride in that what the label says is in the pie is what is in the pie – no additives!

Because it is a labour intensive industry their pies are more expensive than some competitors but you get value for money with the pie absolutely full of its filling.

September 2017

Otago Regional Council (ORC)

August 2017

Dunedin Public Library Visit:

We were given a “behind the scenes” tour of this city amenity between 11am-12noon on Tuesday 22 August. We were shown the book sorting machine (which wasn’t functioning at the time) that sorts all the returns automatically; the extensive McNab and AH Reed collections; the book bindery (processing new and repairing older books); the stacks where books not on shelves are sourced for readers on request.

The library holds the largest collection of children’s picture books, and magazines in New Zealand.

An annual budget of over $900,000 is granted by the Council for all library purchases – books, magazines, DVDs and CDs.

March 2017

Teschemakers & Surrounds

Recollections of educating Catholic girls (including some interesting escapades) related by a retired Dominican nun, a tour of an amazing, impressive building, deep in the countryside, a splendid meal, shopping in a very cluttered, but fascinating second hand shop (where one Probian managed to buy a badly needed bath plug!) were just some of the ingredients of the Club's recent trip to Teschemakers, near Oamaru. The "no expense spared" - it would seem - refurbishing of this huge collection of buildings set in beautifully laid out grounds was mind-blowing. To see the historic chapel with its splendid architecture and renowned Italian marble altar was alone worth the bus trip. A tour of this former Catholic girls' school, now used for weddings and functions was just the start of the day's visits. Weather and time prevented a planned call at Matakana, but the journey home included a stop at the oldest Anglican church in Otago and Southland and a route which passed the site of an 1838 whaling station, the former home of Sir Truby King, a famous pa site on Huriawa Peninsula and a scenic drive from Karitane to Blueskin Bay. We were pleased to welcome several wives, widows of ex-presidents, and six members of the Dunedin North Clubs on this occasion, making a total of 41 on the trip.

February 2017

Knox College Visit

Members have seldom been more impressed with a visit than 23 of us were on Tuesday 14th February when the Master of Knox College showed us through what is surely one of the most interesting and impressive buildings in Dunedin, explaining its facilities, age-old traditions and the means of catering for the needs of several hundred modern students. A very enlightening experience.

November/December 2016

A visit to Scott Technology and our Christmas Luncheon at Mosgiel Station Function Centre were both highly enjoyable and successful functions.


August 2016

Visit to Distinction Dunedin Hotel:

  A great turn out of members and wives were shown over Dunedin's most impressive Distinction Hotel on Tuesday 23rd. The manager was unstinting of his time as he told us of the history of this interesting building and showed us around. Its 200 per cent above code earthquake strength, appealing decor and splendid facilities wowed everyone. The very comfortable and well furnished rooms complete with microwaves and even clothes driers in the bathrooms were tempting We would like to have stayed!. The visit finished with a tasty morning tea.


July 2016

Visit to Fisher and Paykel Centre:

Remarkable things are to be found in surprising places!  Up the stairs in the Wall Street Mall, discretely out of sight is a huge - a mind bogglingly huge, design and manufacturing complex and international call centre.  This Fisher and Paykel facility occupies two floors, each the length of a city block and wider than the Mall itself, where 160 staff, most of them engineers are employed. It is crowded, truly crowded, with countless computer stations, testing laboratories, workshops, test kitchens, and an insulated sound testing room.  Two groups from our club, both full groups,  toured this facility on 19th July and were definitely impressed by the work that goes into designing and testing our everyday appliances.  A pity the numbers in the two groups had to be limited.


June 2016

Visit to Orthotic Centre:

There was a good muster of members and wives for this visit. Although it operates from SDH premises the Orthotic Centre is no longer run by the Southern District Health Board, but by Orthotic Centre (NZ) Ltd which was established in Auckland in 1991 to provide clinical and manufacturing services.

They provide products for spinal, upper and lower extremity and compression garments as well as a wide range of supports, braces, insoles and special footwear. They work with the various health professionals and clients of all ages and deliver services to private and ACC clients. While many braces and other orthotic aids are purchased ready-made, extensive, impressively equipped workshops filled with some quite unusual machines allow the multi-skilled staff to manufacture specialised aids locally.

The staff were surprised by the number in our group and intrigued that we had tracked them down and arranged the visit.



May 2016


A good muster of members and some wives visited the Dunedin Naval Headquarters, 211 St Andrew Street on 17th May. We heard a most informative talk, inspected the museum and displays and decided that it must be far and away the most heavily armed establishment in Dunedin!

April 2016

Visit to St John Ambulance: A group of 24 members and partners spent an interesting hour and a quarter being shown the workings of the St John Ambulance Headquarters at 17 York Place. The visit included an extensive tour of the training facilities which included a fully-equipped ambulance on the top floor of the building and breathing, speaking mannequins. Our guides explained the centralised response and control system as well as the very extensive range of activities in which the organisation is involved - much more than just driving ambulances. They also answered a veritable battery of questions from our members.



March 2016


On the 15th of March the club visited a fruit stall, Clyde Dam, Powerhouse and Central Otago Orchard. A group of 31 members and wives, including 10 from the Dunedin North Club called at a fruit stall and had lunch in Clyde prior to an extremely interesting visit to the Clyde Dam and Powerhouse. On the way home a visit to Remarkable Orchards' fruit packing complex in Ettrick took our breath away as we toured the vast complex of buildings with their highly mechanised conveyor systems and watched the eighty staff sorting and packing unbelievable quantities of apples for markets throughout the world.